Some tried to float downstream out of range, but the water was too shallow to permit their escape. In his report, Stirling claimed 15 Aboriginal men had been killed. Two of Calyute's wives were amongst the wounded; Yornup's lower leg had been shot away, and Mindip had been shot in the left arm and right thigh. With the Wadjuk camped at the fresh water Doodinup spring at what is now Spring Street, and the Binjareb camped at the Deedyallup water-hole near the present ABC Building, a joint corroboree and distribution of 50 loaves of bread sealed the peace. The weather broke and it started to rain heavily as Captain Ellis, Mr Norcott and three of the police attacked from the south. They, too, were shot. The flood-scoured slopes gave the men, women and children little cover as they tried to hide behind what logs or bushes there were. Binjareb Nyungar man Theo Kearing and his wife Gloria Kearing were central figures in starting this memorial, after many years of work to have the event recognised as a massacre. Bates, writing for The Western Mail, 5 August , said women and children were carefully spared, held during the fighting, then released afterward, on realising this some men "cried out that they were of the other sex"  There are conflicting reports in regards to whether or not women and children were also shot and killed, with both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people claiming that this did happen.
Bates, writing for The Western Mail, 5 August , said women and children were carefully spared, held during the fighting, then released afterward, on realising this some men "cried out that they were of the other sex"  There are conflicting reports in regards to whether or not women and children were also shot and killed, with both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people claiming that this did happen. Thomas Peel continued to call for action to wipe out and exterminate the rest of the Binjareb, whom he called "a nest of hornets", although there were no further payback reprisals. Maigo , of the Wadjuk went as a messenger, and the Binjareb promised support for actions of the governor. Stirling also personally profited, as he was able to take ownership of Binjareb lands in the Harvey district, untroubled. The flood-scoured slopes gave the men, women and children little cover as they tried to hide behind what logs or bushes there were. Casualties[ edit ] On the settlers' side, Corporal Patrick Heffron was wounded in the arm, but recovered. But these numbers don't seem to have included women and children. Two of Calyute's wives were amongst the wounded; Yornup's lower leg had been shot away, and Mindip had been shot in the left arm and right thigh. Roe was sent with four others to prevent the group escaping south and guard the pack horses at the ford. Spare horses from the ferry were loaded with supplies as the party set off to Hamilton Hill , skirting Fremantle to the East. Captain Theophilus Tighe Ellis was suffering concussion, either from a glancing blow from a spear or from the fall off his horse, and later died on 11 November, having been in a coma for two weeks. At least 13 other children and women were then shot. In his report, Stirling claimed 15 Aboriginal men had been killed. They, too, were shot. Captain Frederick Irwin , the lieutenant governor in Stirling's absence, had inflamed the situation, adopting a soldier's attitude to crush a warlike group of Aborigines and reduce them to a state of subjection. Some tried to float downstream out of range, but the water was too shallow to permit their escape. On the morning of Saturday 25 October, Stirling and Roe left Perth and travelled southwards to the Preston Ferry, there waiting for surveyor George Smyth and Corporal Delmidge, who had brought supplies south by boat from Perth. Leaving Peel's farm they crossed the Serpentine River and went forward to the Murray delta where tracks of a sizable group of Aboriginal men women and children were discovered heading towards Pinjarra. Stirling, hearing the shots reacted quickly. On the morning of 27 October, ten soldiers of the 21st Regiment , two corporals and eight privates, arrived at Peel's homestead to join the party. Binjareb Robert Menli Lyon had commented on the fact that some of the soldiers from Tasmania would as soon shoot an Aboriginal as shoot a kangaroo  and there had been Aboriginal payback attacks on settlers, including the killing of Hugh Nesbitt, a servant of Thomas Peel and the wounding of Edward Barron. No male prisoners were taken alive and all wounded were immediately shot. If there were any retaliatory payback killings from the Binjareb, he declared, "no one would be allowed to remain alive on this side of the Mountains" i. It was a narrow, regimented view of frontier problems and, perhaps, part of the blame for the Pinjarra massacre can be attributed to Irwin and his unsympathetic administration of Aboriginal affairs during James Stirling's absence. Many ducked into the water, holding their breath as long as they could. Advocate-General George Fletcher Moore estimated from his own investigations he was not present that between 25 and 30 were left dead on the field and in the river. Captain Daniel, whom Stirling later sent to survey the site of the incident, implied that many more were killed than officially acknowledged, as he found several mass graves, but the rain and his fear of an attack made exhuming the bodies for an official count impossible.
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