The Surma and Barak rivers are the geographic markers of the area. In the north lies the greater Mymensingh and Tangail regions. It was known to Arab traders as Harkand in the 9th century. Rice , jute , mustard and sugarcane plantations are a common sight. The northern part of the region features Himalayan foothills Dooars with densely wooded Sal and other tropical evergreen trees. Sal woodland is also found across central Bangladesh, particularly in the Bhawal National Park.
Southeast Bengal[ edit ] Cox's Bazar has the longest uninterupted sea beach in the world Southeast Bengal    refers to the hilly and coastal Bengali-speaking areas of Chittagong Division in southeastern Bangladesh and the Indian state of Tripura. Aside from the Bengali majority, North Bengal is home to many other communities including Nepalis, Santhal people , Lepchas and Rajbongshis. The Lawachara National Park is a rainforest in northeastern Bangladesh. Cox's Bazar in southeastern Bangladesh is home to the longest natural beach in the world and a growing surfing destination. In the north lies the greater Mymensingh and Tangail regions. The Chittagonian dialect of Bengali is prevalent in coastal areas of southeast Bengal. The Chittagong Hill Tracts in southeastern Bangladesh is noted for its high degree of biodiversity. Sal woodland is also found across central Bangladesh, particularly in the Bhawal National Park. Along with its Bengali population, it is also home to Tibeto-Burman ethnic groups, including the Chakma , Marma , Tanchangya , Tripuri and Bawm peoples. The Surma and Barak rivers are the geographic markers of the area. The region is noted for its distinctive fertile highland terrain, extensive tea plantations, rainforests and wetlands. Southeast Bengal is considered a bridge to Southeast Asia. Martin's Island , off the coast of Chittagong Division, is home to the sole coral reef in Bengal. North Bengal[ edit ] On a clear day, the snowy peaks of the Himalayas in Nepal and Sikkim can be seen from northern Bangladesh and Darjeeling district of West Bengal North Bengal is a term used for the north-western part of Bangladesh and northern part of West Bengal. The city of Sylhet is its largest urban center, and the most spoken vernacular language in the region is the Sylheti dialect of Bengali. It was known to Arab traders as Harkand in the 9th century. The area was dominated by the Bengali Harikela and Samatata kingdoms in antiquity. It includes the elevated Madhupur tract with a large Sal tree forest. North Bengal is divided into Terai and Dooars regions. South Bengal covers the southern part of the Indian state of West Bengal and southwestern Bangladesh. The Indian part of South Bengal includes 12 districts: Rice , jute , mustard and sugarcane plantations are a common sight. It later became a district of the Mughal Empire. The Padma River cuts through the southern part of the region, separating the greater Faridpur region. The endonym of the region is Srihatta.
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